Solar inverters can convert the DC voltage generated by solar panels into AC, which can subsequently be utilized to power household appliances and some utility grids. The electricity balance is also transferred to a battery or the grid through the inverter. As the cost of power continues to grow, these solar inverters, also known as PV inverters, are becoming increasingly popular. In addition, the cost of a solar inverter is not too expensive.
Types of Solar Inverters
Inverters for solar power have gone a long way. With capabilities like optimization and monitoring, they started to become more sophisticated. With the introduction of microinverters by businesses like Enphase, the solar inverter market underwent a significant shift.
As the solar industry grew, the focus switched away from solar capital investment costs and toward the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) from solar panels electricity generation. For utility uses, inverters come in a variety of sizes and can be as large as 1 MW.
90% of homeowners use a regular inverter, however, they have been moving to solar inverters in the last two years. We all know that India’s solar industry is booming, and the rooftop solar market is a large market. Let’s look at the differences between an off-grid solar inverter (inverter with battery) and an on-grid solar inverter (Inverter without Battery).
Off-Grid Solar Inverter
A standalone solar inverter, also known as an off-grid solar inverter, is a self-contained system. These can work without power or the grid and have a battery backup, although they are more expensive than on-grid solar.
On-Grid Solar Inverter
An on-grid solar inverter, also known as a grid-tie inverter, uses electricity from the grid to operate. Built-in protections protect the entire solar system from any problem with these inverters. The main benefits of an on-grid solar inverter are that there are no load limitations and that we may export excess electricity to the grid. These inverters are also eligible for up to a 70% subsidy. These, however, do not work in the event of a power outage and do not have a battery backup.
Solar String Inverters
Depending on the size of the inverters, a string inverter can function with thousands of solar panels.
Solar Micro Inverters
Unlike a string inverter, each microinverter only works with a single solar panel. Each PV module has its own microinverter and is installed on the racking beneath it. The AC wire harnesses of the microinverter are joined together to produce a continuous AC branch circuit that feeds to the AC utility distribution center.
Solar Hybrid Inverters
An on-grid and off-grid solar inverter are combined in a hybrid inverter. This inverter can simultaneously operate solar panel arrays for storing batteries and power networks. These inverters are more adaptable than on-grid and off-grid inverters, but they are also more expensive. It can operate independently of the grid, store electricity in batteries, and export excess electricity to the grid.
Features of Hybrid Solar Inverter
- More Efficient – In the event of a power outage or grid instability, the hybrid solar inverter instantly switches to battery power and continues to run independently of the grid.
- Lightweight – A hybrid solar inverter may be readily relocated from one location to another due to its modest weight.
- Long Service Life – A hybrid solar inverter has a 5-year service life.
- Small Size – A hybrid solar inverter comes in a variety of sizes, but most are around the size of a modest refrigerator.
- Service-Free Device – Because a hybrid solar inverter is an IoT-based product, it requires zero to very little maintenance and servicing.
- Display Features – These machines have a display/touch screen that shows voltages, temps, and outputs, among other things.
Hybrid Solar Inverter Applications
The conversion of DC to AC is the primary function of a solar inverter. A hybrid solar inverter takes it a step further by storing the extra energy in batteries. As a result, they’re seeing more use in renewable energy systems, where intermittency is a major issue.
They have the ability to stabilize energy since they can draw power when it is required. They’ll also be more popular in developing countries that don’t have access to a steady power grid.
Locations where there is a medium-sized power outage, such as Faridabad, Delhi, Gurgaon, Palwal, Patna, Noida, Lucknow, Kolkata, and so on.
Hybrid Solar Inverter Advantages
- It can be used as an on-grid or off-grid inverter.
- It is a self-contained system that can function without the use of a grid.
- It has the ability to store electricity and offer backup power.
- You can also sell any surplus electricity back to the grid.
Hybrid Solar Inverter FAQs
Is it possible to connect a net meter to a hybrid solar inverter?
Yes, you can use a hybrid solar inverter with a net meter.
Is it Compulsory to Install Battery with Hybrid Solar Inverter?
Yes, it is compulsory to install a battery with a hybrid solar inverter.
How much does Hybrid Solar Inverter Cost in India?
In India, a hybrid solar inverter costs between Rs 15 and 25 per watt.
What is the Hybrid Solar Inverter’s product range?
Hybrid solar inverters range in power from 2 to 20 kW.
Is it possible to get a subsidy on a hybrid solar inverter?
It is optional.